The Belitong Geopark application was officially launched to answer the current industry trends that have entered the 4.0 industrial revolution. President Joko Widodo said that the industrial revolution 4.0 had moved very rapidly around 3,000 times the industrial revolution 1.0.
This was marked by the emergence of super computers, automation, and neurology robots. The 4.0 industrial revolution was pioneered by representatives of a number of industries and academics in 2011, in order to increase competitiveness in Germany in the manufacturing industry.
The development of the 4.0 industrial revolution then prompted the Minister of Tourism, Arief Yahya to develop the 4.0-based tourism sector. Namely, by introducing the theme “Tourism & The Digital Transformation”, to coincide with the commemoration of World Tourism Day on 28 September 2018.
“He said that Tourism 4.0 has an important role because it is connected with social media. “It is very easy to viral tourism destinations using digital,” said Geopark Belitong Consultant, Veri Yadi MSc, MCSM, in a press release on Monday (8/4).
Veri explained, the industrial revolution first occurred in 1784. It was suspected that at the turn of the use of human and animal energy with engine power as the discovery of a steam engine. This industrial revolution resulted in an average 6-fold growth in gross domestic product (GDP) over the past 2 centuries.
The 2.0 industrial revolution took place in 1870. The Revolution 2.0 was marked by the discovery of power plants and combustion engines. The technology began the discovery of telephones, airplanes and cars.
“The industrial revolution 2.0 is also characterized by mass production and division of work lines. “The first division of work began with an animal slaughterhouse was first used in Cincinnati, United States in 1870 which started the industrial revolution 2.0,” explained Veri.
Furthermore, the development of the internet world and digital technology initiated the emergence of the 3.0 industrial revolution. The emergence of this digital era replaced industrial machinery managed by humans with computers, and was able to reduce production costs.
Then, the industrial revolution 4.0 began in 2011. Which emphasizes the relationship between humans, machines, and data that can be found everywhere. With the advent of the Industrial Revolution 4.0, it has changed the business model globally using super computer technology, and automatically created start-up business opportunities.
“This business involves smart mobile devices and using car applications. In 2018, the United States is the country with the largest number of pilot companies, namely 28,793. Indonesia is the fourth largest with a pilot total of 1,706, “said the man who graduated from Mining Engineering in Triksati University, Jakarta, in 2004.
The man born in Manggar January 14 1981 continued, based on value, the United States occupied the world’s first position with a value of US $ 561.5 billion or controlled half of the total value of global Unicorn companies.
Based on the Global Unicorn Club report in January 2019, there are more than 300 Unicorn companies throughout the world. Companies that are in the Unicorn category are pilot companies that have a value greater than or equal to US $ 1 billion. Indonesia ranked 6th with a value of US $ 20 billion and listed one Decacorn company.
“Start-up companies in Indonesia with a value equal to or greater than US $ 10 billion, namely Go-jek, which is engaged in the transportation and On-demand industry sector,” said Veri, who has a dream since he was young to realize Belitong towards the World Geopark .
According to him, the Asian region controls 39 percent of the Unicorn’s total valuation with a total value of US $ 422’85 billion. In the Asian region, Indonesia ranks third or controls 5 percent of the Unicorn market based on valuation.
While for the Asian region led by China, which controls 30 percent of the total value of the world unicorn with a valuation of US $ 324.57. In Asia, China controls 77 percent of the total market. By sector, transportation or on-demand still controls the Asian market at US $ 99.4 billion or 24 percent. Sale and purchase of products occupies the second position worth US $ 80.73.
The Toutiao (Bytedance) Unicorn company with the largest valuation in the world worth US $ 75 billion is owned by China and is engaged in the Media industry. In this region, the travel industry contributes 3.42% with a valuation of US $ 14.46 billion.
While in the Southeast Asia region, it only contributes about 3 percent of the total value of the world unicorn. Indonesia is the largest market by controlling more than 60 percent of the total Unicorn value of US $ 32 billion. In this region, more than 65 percent are owned by 2 transportation giants, namely Gojek from Indonesia & Grabcar from Singapore with a total value of US $ 21 billion.
“The second position is owned by a trading company, both of which come from Indonesia, namely Tokopedia and Bukalapak with a total value of US $ 8 billion. “The travel sector contributes 6 percent with a total value of US $ 2 billion,” explained Veri, who is currently pursuing a PhD, PhD Student – School of Mining Engineering, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg South Africa (2018).
With the rapid use of unicorns in parts of the world, the United States and China that control 80 percent of the value of the world unicorn. Which also controls 23 percent of the total world population or as many as 1.4 billion Chinese population and 328 million total population in the United States.
“In the Southeast Asia region with a total population of 600 million, it controls 8 percent of the world’s total population. Where Indonesia is close to half the population of Southeast Asia or 3 percent of the world’s total population with 250 million, “explained the Geopark Belitong activist.
Looking at the world population based on the industrial world and age, Veri said it could be observed that it might have internet access. There are around 4,021 billion people in the world using the internet or 53 percent. This amount is the same as those who work in various industrial sectors, as well as ages ranging from 15 to 64 years which are marked via red parentheses.
Based on data released by Hootsuite & Wearesocial in 2018, it was found that the total number of mobile phone users in the world was 5,135 billion or 68 percent of the total world population. With the number of internet users as many as 4,021 billion or 53 percent. Whereas social media users accounted for 3,196 billion or 42 percent of the world’s total population.
Therefore, the data shows that more than half of the world’s population uses the internet and almost 80 percent interact with social media. “Looking at the data above, industrial technology-based tourism 4.0 has a huge market opportunity. “4.0-based tourism is very closely related to the presence of wifi access, internet, and car applications,” said Veri.
Veri added, Hootsuite & Weare Social (2018) noted that 49% of tourists interact with social media. This social media is an effective promo media in an effort to promote an area that is usually downloaded by tourists while on vacation. 68% of tourists will communicate with friends and family, who also have the opportunity to promote these tourist destinations.
For this reason, with the development of car application-based technology, which is a series of 4.0 industrial revolutions, it has an impact on the tourism sector. This can be seen from the increasing number of application downloaders around 50% of the total tourists all over the world before traveling.
“This application is closely related to business start-up. “Which tourism sector has a big opportunity considering the large number of millennial tourists who are very close to the use of application-based technology,” said Veri. (* / yud)
source : belitongekspres.co.id, TANJUNGPANDAN